Labral Tears, Causes and Symptoms
What is it?
A labral tear is when the labrum (the rubbery rim of fibrous tissue surrounding the socket) is damaged.
How is it caused?
Labral tears are usually caused by femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia but can occur where there is no bone deformity in young women, particularly if their joints are hypermobile (where the range of movement is beyond what is normally expected for the joint). Tears can also be caused by falls and taking part in sports that involve frequent rotation of the hip – for example ballet, running, playing hockey or netball.
What are the symptoms?
As well as having pain in the groin and symptoms of femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) or hip dysplasia, symptoms also include a sensation of the hip ‘clicking’ in the socket as it is moved, or ‘locking’. About a quarter of patients experience joint instability.
How is it diagnosed?
After discussing your symptoms and carrying out a medical examination, the specialist may suggest an X-ray and MRI scans to back up the diagnosis. CT is usually required to exclude FAI.
How is it treated?
The pain of an acute labral tear may reduce with time but seldom goes away completely. If you continue to have symptoms, or your pain is very severe, you may be offered hip athroscopy to repair or smooth down the tear.
This information is only a guideline to help you understand your treatment and what to expect. Every person is different and your rehabilitation may be quicker or slower than other people’s. Please contact us for advice if you are worried about any aspect of your health or recovery.